Association between haptoglobin, hemopexin and mortality in adults with sepsis.

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Association between haptoglobin, hemopexin and mortality in adults with sepsis.

Crit Care. 2013 Nov 14;17(6):R272

Authors: Janz DR, Bastarache JA, Sills G, Wickersham N, May AK, Bernard GR, Ware LB

INTRODUCTION: Plasma levels of cell-free hemoglobin are associated with mortality in patients with sepsis; however descriptions of independent associations with free hemoglobin and free heme scavengers, haptoglobin and hemopexin, are lacking beyond their description as acute phase reactants. We sought to determine the association of plasma levels of endogenous free hemoglobin and haptoglobin and hemopexin with in-hospital mortality in adults with sepsis.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of a total of 387 critically ill patients with sepsis in multiple intensive care units in an academic tertiary care hospital. Measurements of plasma haptoglobin and hemopexin were made on blood drawn within 24 hours of intensive care unit admission. The primary outcome was the association between plasma haptoglobin and hemopexin with in-hospital mortality.
RESULTS: Survivors had significantly higher plasma haptoglobin concentrations (median 1234 mug/ml, interquartile range (IQR) 569 to 3037) and hemopexin concentrations (616 mug/ml, IQR 397 to 934) measured on enrollment compared to non-survivors (haptoglobin 750 mug/ml, IQR 404 to 2421, P = 0.008; hemopexin 470 mug/ml, IQR 303 to 891, P = 0.012). After controlling for potential confounders including cell-free hemoglobin concentration, patients with higher haptoglobin concentrations were significantly less likely to die in the hospital (odds ratio (OR) 0.653, 95% CI 0.433 to 0.984, P = 0.042), while the same association was not seen with hemopexin (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.199 to 1.416, P = 0.206). In a subgroup analysis, the association between increased haptoglobin and hemopexin and decreased risk of mortality was no longer significant when analyzing patients with no detectable cell-free hemoglobin (P = 0.737 and P = 0.584, respectively).
CONCLUSION: In critically ill patients with sepsis, elevated plasma levels of haptoglobin were associated with a decreased risk of in-hospital mortality and this association was independent of confounders. Increased haptoglobin may play a protective role in sepsis patients who have elevated levels of circulating cell-free hemoglobin beyond its previous description as an acute phase reactant.

PMID: 24225252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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