Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Refractory Cardiac Arrest.
Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Nov 7;
Authors: Clayton BJ, Gribbin GM, Taggu W
The identification and treatment of reversible causes is paramount to the success of resuscitation in cardiac arrest, particularly when standard therapy has failed. Acute coronary occlusion is one such cause, and the introduction of primary percutaneous coronary intervention services may provide an opportunity for emergency revascularization in this setting. This article describes 2 patients with cardiac arrest as a result of coronary occlusion, in which standard therapeutic measures proved futile. The first patient had refractory ventricular fibrillation, and the second had an episode of ventricular fibrillation followed by true pulseless electrical activity: total cessation of ventricular activity. In both examples, external mechanical compression and primary percutaneous coronary intervention facilitated coronary revascularization and achieved return of spontaneous circulation, leading to survival to hospital discharge.
PMID: 24210369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]