Update of Diagnosis and Management of Inherited Cardiac Arrhythmias.
Circ J. 2013 Nov 7;
Authors: Shimizu W
Over the past 2 decades, a number of inherited cardiac arrhythmias, including congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) and Brugada syndrome (BrS), have been shown to have a link to mutations in genes encoding for ion channels or other membrane components. The recent HRS/EHRA/APHRS expert consensus statement on the diagnosis and management of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes has updated the clinical diagnosis of congenital LQTS and BrS. Genetic studies have identified 13 forms of congenital LQTS in 50-80% of clinically affected patients. Genotype-phenotype correlations have been investigated in the 3 major genotypes, LQT1, LQT2 and LQT3 syndromes, resulting in genotype-specific management and therapy. More detailed analyses of each genotype have suggested mutation location-, type-, or function-specific differences in clinical phenotype among the LQT1, LQT2, and possibly LQT3 genotypes. In BrS, only one-third of affected patients can be genotyped, mainly in the sodium channel gene, SCN5A; therefore, clinical studies of genotype-phenotype relationships have been limited. More recently, a genome-wide association study using a gene array explored the role of common genetic variants (polymorphisms) as the susceptible or modifier gene in both congenital LQTS and BrS.
PMID: 24200848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]