Prescribing nonopioids in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.
J Crit Care. 2013 Aug;28(4):534.e7-12
Authors: Payen JF, Genty C, Mimoz O, Mantz J, Bosson JL, Chanques G
PURPOSE: We searched for factors independently associated with the prescription of multimodal (balanced) analgesia in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.
METHODS: In this post hoc analysis of a cohort study, 172 patients who received a combination of 1 opioid with nonopioids, that is, paracetamol and/or nefopam, (multimodal analgesia), were compared with 302 patients who received opioid only on day 2 of their stay in the intensive care unit.
RESULTS: Patients given multimodal analgesia were more likely to have fewer organ failures and received fewer hypnotics compared with patients who received opioid only. They self-reported more frequently their pain level. There were no differences in the daily dose of opioids between the 2 groups. A low illness severity score, no more than 1 organ failure on day 2, the ability to self-rate pain, and a moderate-to-severe pain rated on day 2 were factors independently associated with the prescription of multimodal analgesia on day 2 (all P < .01).
CONCLUSIONS: In mechanically ventilated patients, the addition of nonopioids to opioids is mostly prescribed for patients with lower illness severity scores and who are able to self-rate their pain intensity. These findings suggest that the concept of multimodal analgesia must be promoted in the intensive care unit.
PMID: 23522398 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]