Psychological burden in inpatient relatives: the forgotten side of medical management.
QJM. 2013 Oct 22;
Authors: Belayachi J, Himmich S, Madani N, Abidi K, Dendane T, Zeggwagh AA, Abouqal R
BACKGROUND: The burden of the hospital experience is a broad issue that has been evaluated in a particular context of intensive care unit (ICU). It is likely, however, that the load is heavy on families even in other hospital wards and not just in the ICU. The present study was designed to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression in family members of patients admitted in a general medicine department, and to identify associated factors with those symptoms.
METHODS: Patients' and relatives' socio-demographic data and information pertaining to the patients' health characteristics were collected. Family members completed the Arabic version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Associations between anxiety or depression and covariates of interest were investigated using generalized estimating equations, for univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis RESULTS: The prevalence of anxiety (55.6%) and depression (41.1%) in family members remains high. The multivariate model identified three groups of factors associated with these symptoms: (1) Patient-related: a short length of hospital stay is associated with depression (OR1.04,95%CI1.01to1.08;P=0.02); (2) Family-related: rural residence is associated with depression (OR2.56,95%CI1.01to6.74;P=0.04), and female gender is associated with anxiety and depression (OR2.60,95%CI1.41to4.81; P=0.002), (OR3.04,95%CI1.62to5.70;P=0.01) respectively; and (3) Caregiver-related: short length of visit (OR1.08,95%CI1.03to1.13;P=0.002) is associated with anxiety, admission to a share room (OR2.56,95%CI1.25to5.23;P=0.01) is associated with depression, and a need for more information is associated with anxiety and depression (OR1.78,95%CI1.02to3.10;P=0.04),(OR1.77,95%CI1.01to3.11;P=0.04) respectively.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in family members remains high at the end of acute health care. It is hoped that improving the provision of information will decrease the risk of psychological distress.
PMID: 24149282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]