The effects of the Palliative Medicine Consultation on the DNR status of African Americans in a safety-net hospital.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2013 Jun;30(4):363-9
Authors: Sacco J, Deravin Carr DR, Viola D
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of palliative medicine consultation on completion of advance directives/do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders by racial/ethnic minorities.
METHOD: A sample of 1999 seriously ill African American and Hispanic inpatients was obtained from the Palliative Medicine Consultation database (n = 2972). Associations between race/ethnicity and diagnosis and documentation of DNR status on admission and discharge were examined.
RESULTS: Cancer was the primary diagnosis, 34.5%. Among patients with a consultation, 98% agreed to discuss advance directives; 65% of African Americans and 70% of Hispanics elected DNR status. Inpatient deaths were 46%; 74% of decedents agreed to DNR orders. Discharged patients referred to hospice were 29%.
CONCLUSION: Palliative medicine consultations resulted in timely completion of DNR orders and were positively associated with DNR election and hospice enrollment.
PMID: 22777405 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]