INCREASED RISK OF EXACERBATION AND HOSPITALIZATION IN SUBJECTS WITH AN OVERLAP PHENOTYPE: COPD-ASTHMA.

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INCREASED RISK OF EXACERBATION AND HOSPITALIZATION IN SUBJECTS WITH AN OVERLAP PHENOTYPE: COPD-ASTHMA.

Chest. 2013 Oct 10;

Authors: Menezes AM, de Oca MM, Pérez-Padilla R, Nadeau G, Wehrmeister FC, Lopez-Varela MV, Muiño A, Jardim JR, Valdivia G, Talamo C, For the PLATINO team

Abstract
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Several COPD phenotypes have been described; the COPD-Asthma overlap is one of the most recognized. Aim: to evaluate the prevalence of three subgroups (asthma, COPD and COPD-Asthma overlap) in the PLATINO study population, to describe their main characteristics and to determine the association of the COPD-Asthma overlap group with exacerbations, hospitalizations, limitations due to physical health and perception of general health status (GHS).
METHODS: The PLATINO study is a multicenter population-based survey carried out in five Latin American cities. Outcomes were self-reported exacerbations (defined by deterioration of breathing symptoms that affected usual daily activities or caused missed work), hospitalizations due to exacerbations, physical health limitations and patients' perception of their GHS obtained by questionnaire. Subjects were classified in three specific groups: COPD - a post-bronchodilator (BD) FEV1/FVC ratio of < 0.70; asthma - presence of wheezing in the last year and a minimum post-BD increase in FEV1 or FVC of 12% and 200 ml; overlap COPD-Asthma - the combination of the two.
RESULTS: Out of 5,044 subjects, 767 were classified as COPD (12%), asthma (1.7%) and COPD-Asthma overlap (1.8%). Subjects with COPD-Asthma overlap had more respiratory symptoms, worse lung function, used more respiratory medication, more hospitalization and exacerbations, and worse GHS. After adjusting for confounders, the COPD-Asthma overlap was associated with higher risks for exacerbations (PR 2.11; 95%CI 1.08-4.12), hospitalizations (PR 4.11; 95%CI 1.45-11.67) and worse GHS (PR 1.47; 95%CI 1.18-1.85), compared to those with COPD.
CONCLUSION: The coexisting COPD-Asthma phenotype is possibly associated with increased disease severity.

PMID: 24114498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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