Thromboprophylaxis patterns, risk factors, and outcomes of care in the medically ill patient population.
Thromb Res. 2013 Aug 28;
Authors: Mahan CE, Fisher MD, Mills RM, Fields LE, Stephenson JJ, Fu AC, Spyropoulos AC
INTRODUCTION: Medically ill, hospitalized patients are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after discharge. This study aimed to examine thromboprophylaxis patterns, risk factors, and post-discharge outcomes.
METHODS: This was a retrospective claims analysis involving administrative claims data and in-patient data abstracted from a sample of hospital charts. Patients aged ≥40years hospitalized for ≥2days for nonsurgical reasons between 2005 and 2009 were included. Hospital chart data were abstracted for a random sample of patients without evidence of anticoagulant use at 30days post-discharge. The combined data determined whether in-patient thromboprophylaxis (anticoagulant or mechanical prophylaxis) reduces risk of VTE at 90days post-discharge. Hazard ratios (HR) and odds ratios (OR) were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models and logistic regression.
RESULTS: Of 141,628 patients in the claims analysis, 3.9% received anticoagulants (3.6% warfarin). VTE, rehospitalization, and mortality rates were 1.9%, 17.2%, and 6.2%, respectively. The strongest predictors of post-discharge VTE were history of VTE (HR=4.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.3-4.8), and rehospitalization (HR=3.9, 95% CI: 3.6-4.3). Of 504 medical charts, 209 (41.5%) reported in-patient thromboprophylaxis. There was no statistically significant difference in post-discharge VTE rates between patients who did and did not receive in-patient thromboprophylaxis. All-cause mortality was greater among patients without use of VTE prophylaxis.
CONCLUSION: Utilization rates of in-hospital and post-discharge VTE prophylaxis were low. In-hospital VTE prophylaxis did not reduce the risk of post-discharge VTE in the absence of post-discharge anticoagulation. Combined in-patient and post-discharge thromboprophylaxis lowered the odds of short-term, all-cause post-discharge mortality.
PMID: 24080150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]