Thromboprophylaxis patterns, risk factors, and outcomes of care in the medically ill patient population.

Link to article at PubMed

Thromboprophylaxis patterns, risk factors, and outcomes of care in the medically ill patient population.

Thromb Res. 2013 Aug 28;

Authors: Mahan CE, Fisher MD, Mills RM, Fields LE, Stephenson JJ, Fu AC, Spyropoulos AC

INTRODUCTION: Medically ill, hospitalized patients are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after discharge. This study aimed to examine thromboprophylaxis patterns, risk factors, and post-discharge outcomes.
METHODS: This was a retrospective claims analysis involving administrative claims data and in-patient data abstracted from a sample of hospital charts. Patients aged ≥40years hospitalized for ≥2days for nonsurgical reasons between 2005 and 2009 were included. Hospital chart data were abstracted for a random sample of patients without evidence of anticoagulant use at 30days post-discharge. The combined data determined whether in-patient thromboprophylaxis (anticoagulant or mechanical prophylaxis) reduces risk of VTE at 90days post-discharge. Hazard ratios (HR) and odds ratios (OR) were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models and logistic regression.
RESULTS: Of 141,628 patients in the claims analysis, 3.9% received anticoagulants (3.6% warfarin). VTE, rehospitalization, and mortality rates were 1.9%, 17.2%, and 6.2%, respectively. The strongest predictors of post-discharge VTE were history of VTE (HR=4.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.3-4.8), and rehospitalization (HR=3.9, 95% CI: 3.6-4.3). Of 504 medical charts, 209 (41.5%) reported in-patient thromboprophylaxis. There was no statistically significant difference in post-discharge VTE rates between patients who did and did not receive in-patient thromboprophylaxis. All-cause mortality was greater among patients without use of VTE prophylaxis.
CONCLUSION: Utilization rates of in-hospital and post-discharge VTE prophylaxis were low. In-hospital VTE prophylaxis did not reduce the risk of post-discharge VTE in the absence of post-discharge anticoagulation. Combined in-patient and post-discharge thromboprophylaxis lowered the odds of short-term, all-cause post-discharge mortality.

PMID: 24080150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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