Non-therapeutic anti-Xa levels in medical patients receiving anticoagulant therapy with enoxaparin.
Thromb Res. 2013 Aug 30;
Authors: Ramos-Esquivel A, Salazar-Sánchez L
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulant activity of enoxaparin is not routinely monitored even when previous studies have shown a high pharmacological variability. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of non-therapeutic anti-Xa levels among medical patients using enoxaparin as anticoagulant therapy and to point out potential risk factors related to the risk of having a sub-therapeutic level.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anti-Xa levels were measured in a cohort of sixty patients with medical indication for enoxaparin. Patients were categorized according to anti-Xa levels as follows: suboptimal anticoagulation (<0.5IU/ml), optimal anticoagulation (between 0.5 and 1.2IU/ml) or overanticoagulated (>1.2IU/ml). Demographic and clinical variables and the use of concomitant medications were described for each group. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to assess the relationship between sub-optimal anticoagulation and potential predictive variables. A linear regression analysis was done to assess the relationship between anti-Xa activity, age, weight, body mass index, administered dose/weight and creatinine clearance.
RESULTS: The mean anti-Xa activity was 0.71±0.32 UI/ml. Thirty one percent of patients had anti-Xa levels out of the therapeutic range, most of them (twenty-eight percent of total population) with a sub-therapeutic level. None of the variables were associated with the risk of a sub-therapeutic anti-Xa level.
CONCLUSION: Almost one third of patients receiving enoxaparin had anti-Xa levels out of the therapeutic range. We need more studies to determine the clinical relevance of these findings.
PMID: 24050826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]