Cognitive aspect of diagnostic errors.

Link to article at PubMed

Related Articles

Cognitive aspect of diagnostic errors.

Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2013 Jan;42(1):33-41

Authors: Phua DH, Tan NC

Diagnostic errors can result in tangible harm to patients. Despite our advances in medicine, the mental processes required to make a diagnosis exhibits shortcomings, causing diagnostic errors. Cognitive factors are found to be an important cause of diagnostic errors. With new understanding from psychology and social sciences, clinical medicine is now beginning to appreciate that our clinical reasoning can take the form of analytical reasoning or heuristics. Different factors like cognitive biases and affective influences can also impel unwary clinicians to make diagnostic errors. Various strategies have been proposed to reduce the effect of cognitive biases and affective influences when clinicians make diagnoses; however evidence for the efficacy of these methods is still sparse. This paper aims to introduce the reader to the cognitive aspect of diagnostic errors, in the hope that clinicians can use this knowledge to improve diagnostic accuracy and patient outcomes.

PMID: 23417589 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.