The day hospital: analysis of results, costs and management of pneumology resources.

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The day hospital: analysis of results, costs and management of pneumology resources.

Arch Bronconeumol. 2013 Feb;49(2):54-62

Authors: Cots F, Raventòs J, Ausín P, Chiarello P, Balcells E, Castells X, Gea J

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Day hospital units specialized in pulmonology are a relatively new instrument for providing care to complex respiratory patients. However, the number of studies focused on the efficacy and efficiency of day hospitals is scarce.
AIM: Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of implementing a specialized respiratory day hospital in a standard teaching hospital with 500 beds.
METHODS: An analysis of efficacy, efficiency and quality care.
RESULTS: Throughout the study period (2 years) the day hospital progressively increased its activity. Although patient pressure on the emergency department remained constant, this was associated with a parallel increase in the overall medical activity of the Pulmonology Department and a reduction in the number of discharges from the hospital. There was a reduction in the number of admissions, and consequently in the need for beds in the Pulmonology Department. The complexity of the hospitalized patients increased, although the efficiency (standard functioning ratio) and quality (readmissions and mortality) of patient care remained stable.
CONCLUSION: Day hospital pulmonology units are a useful tool in the management of respiratory patient care. They reduce the need for hospitalizations, while maintaining healthcare quality and complementing other care management instruments.

PMID: 23137778 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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