Early Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction Using Absolute and Relative Changes in Cardiac Troponin Concentrations.

Link to article at PubMed

Early Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction Using Absolute and Relative Changes in Cardiac Troponin Concentrations.

Am J Med. 2013 Jul 18;

Authors: Irfan A, Reichlin T, Twerenbold R, Meister M, Moehring B, Wildi K, Bassetti S, Zellweger C, Gimenez MR, Hoeller R, Murray K, Sou SM, Mueller M, Mosimann T, Reiter M, Haaf P, Ziller R, Freidank H, Osswald S, Mueller C

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Absolute changes in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) seem to have higher diagnostic accuracy in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction compared with relative changes. It is unknown whether the same applies to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assays and whether the combination of absolute and relative change might further increase accuracy.
METHODS: In a prospective, international multicenter study, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) was measured with 3 novel assays (hs-cTnT, Roche Diagnostics Corp, Indianapolis, Ind; hs-cTnI, Beckman Coulter Inc, Brea, Calif; hs-cTnI, Siemens, Munich, Germany) in a blinded fashion at presentation and after 1 and 2 hours in a blinded fashion in 830 unselected patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists.
RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction was significantly higher for 1- and 2-hour absolute versus relative hs-cTn changes for all 3 assays (P < .001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the combination of 2-hour absolute and relative change (hs-cTnT 0.98 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.97-0.99]; hs-cTnI, Beckman Coulter Inc, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.96-0.99]; hs-cTnI, Siemens, 0.96 [95% CI, 0.93-0.99]) were high and provided some benefit compared with the use of absolute change alone for hs-cTnT, but not for the hs-cTnI assays. Reclassification analysis confirmed the superiority of absolute changes versus relative changes.
CONCLUSIONS: Absolute changes seem to be the preferred metrics for both hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. The combination of absolute and relative changes provides a small added value for hs-cTnT, but not for hs-cTnI.

PMID: 23870791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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