Heart rate at discharge and long-term prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention in stable and acute coronary syndromes - results from the BASKET PROVE trial.
Int J Cardiol. 2013 Jul 11;
Authors: Jensen MT, Kaiser C, Sandsten KE, Alber H, Wanitschek M, Iversen A, Jensen JS, Pedersen S, Soerensen R, Rickli H, Zurek M, Fahrni G, Bertel O, De Servi S, Erne P, Pfisterer M, Galatius S, for the BASKET-PROVE investigators
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate (HR) is associated with mortality in a number of heart diseases. We examined the long-term prognostic significance of HR at discharge in a contemporary population of patients with stable angina (SAP), non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) revascularized with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS: Patients from the BASKET-PROVE trial, an 11-center randomized all-comers trial comparing bare-metal and drug-eluting stenting in large coronary vessels, were included. Discharge HR was determined from a resting ECG. Long-term outcomes (7days to 2years) were evaluated for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular death and non-fatal myocardial infarction.
RESULTS: A total of 2029 patients with sinus rhythm were included, 722 (35.6%) SAP, 647 (31.9%) NSTE-ACS, and 660 (32.5%) STEMI. Elevated discharge HR was associated significantly with all-cause mortality: when compared to a reference of <60beats per minute (bpm), the adjusted hazard ratios were (95% CI) 4.5 (1.5-13.5, p=0.006) for 60-69bpm, 3.8 (1.2-11.9, p=0.022) for 70-79bpm, 4.3 (1.2-15.6, p=0.025) for 80-89bpm, and 16.9 (5.2-55.0, p<0.001) for >90bpm. For cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction, a discharge HR >90bpm was associated with a hazard ratio of 6.2 (2.5-15.5, p<0.001) compared to a HR <60bpm. No interaction was found for disease presentation, diabetes or betablocker use.
CONCLUSION: In patients revascularized with PCI for stable angina or acute coronary syndromes an elevated discharge HR was independently associated with poor prognosis. Conversely, a HR <60bpm at discharge was associated with a good long-term prognosis irrespective of indication for PCI.
PMID: 23849965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]