Bleeding complications after central line insertions: relevance of pre-procedure coagulation tests and institutional transfusion policy.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2013 May;57(5):573-9
Authors: Kander T, Frigyesi A, Kjeldsen-Kragh J, Karlsson H, Rolander F, Schött U
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to map pre-procedural variables for insertion of a central venous catheter, prophylactic blood component use and to investigate whether any independent variable could be identified as an independent risk factor for associated bleeding complications in patients outside the intensive care unit.
METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated 1737 consecutive insertions of central venous catheters in 1444 patients in a large university hospital during 2009-2010. Pre-procedural coagulation status, blood component use, type of catheter, insertion site and complications during insertion were recorded and compared with bleeding complications documented on electronic charts.
RESULTS: No serious bleeding complications were recorded in connection with the insertion of central venous catheters. Sixteen of 1769 (0.9%) insertions caused grade 2 bleeding, defined as bleeding requiring prolonged compression at the insertion site. Insertion of a large bore central dialysis catheter was found to be an independent risk factor for bleeding complications. Neither conventional coagulation tests nor accidental arterial puncture or the number of needle passes could predict bleeding complications in this study.
CONCLUSION: This retrospective study, in non-ICU patients, shows that serious bleeding complications in association with central line insertions are uncommon and that insertion of a large bore catheter is likely to be an independent risk factor for mild-bleeding complications in this population.
PMID: 23336361 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]