Effects of dobutamine on systemic, regional and microcirculatory perfusion parameters in septic shock: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study.

Link to article at PubMed

Effects of dobutamine on systemic, regional and microcirculatory perfusion parameters in septic shock: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study.

Intensive Care Med. 2013 Jun 6;

Authors: Hernandez G, Bruhn A, Luengo C, Regueira T, Kattan E, Fuentealba A, Florez J, Castro R, Aquevedo A, Pairumani R, McNab P, Ince C

Abstract
PURPOSE: The role of dobutamine during septic shock resuscitation is still controversial since most clinical studies have been uncontrolled and no physiological study has unequivocally demonstrated a beneficial effect on tissue perfusion. Our objective was to determine the potential benefits of dobutamine on hemodynamic, metabolic, peripheral, hepatosplanchnic and microcirculatory perfusion parameters during early septic shock resuscitation. METHODS: We designed a randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover study comparing the effects of 2.5-h infusion of dobutamine (5 mcg/kg/min fixed-dose) or placebo in 20 septic shock patients with cardiac index ≥2.5 l/min/m(2) and hyperlactatemia. Primary outcome was sublingual perfused microvascular density. RESULTS: Despite an increasing cardiac index, heart rate and left ventricular ejection fraction, dobutamine had no effect on sublingual perfused vessel density [9.0 (7.9-10.1) vs. 9.1 n/mm (7.9-9.9); p = 0.24] or microvascular flow index [2.1 (1.8-2.5) vs. 2.1 (1.9-2.5); p = 0.73] compared to placebo. No differences between dobutamine and placebo were found for the lactate levels, mixed venous-arterial pCO2 gradient, thenar muscle oxygen saturation, capillary refill time or gastric-to-arterial pCO2 gradient. The indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate [14.4 (9.5-25.6) vs. 18.8 %/min (11.7-24.6); p = 0.03] and the recovery slope of thenar muscle oxygen saturation after a vascular occlusion test [2.1 (1.1-3.1) vs. 2.5 %/s (1.2-3.4); p = 0.01] were worse with dobutamine compared to placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Dobutamine failed to improve sublingual microcirculatory, metabolic, hepatosplanchnic or peripheral perfusion parameters despite inducing a significant increase in systemic hemodynamic variables in septic shock patients without low cardiac output but with persistent hypoperfusion.

PMID: 23740284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.