Smoking Termination Opportunity for inPatients (STOP): superiority of a course of varenicline tartrate plus counselling over counselling alone for smoking cessation: a 12-month randomised controlled trial for inpatients.
Thorax. 2013 May;68(5):485-6
Authors: Smith BJ, Carson KV, Brinn MP, Labiszewski NA, Peters MJ, Fitridge R, Koblar SA, Jannes J, Veale AJ, Goldsworthy SJ, Litt J, Edwards D, Esterman AJ
RATIONALE: Smoking cessation interventions in outpatient settings have been demonstrated to be cost effective. Given this evidence, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of varenicline tartrate plus Quitline-counselling compared with Quitline-counselling alone when initiated in the inpatient setting.
METHODS: Adult patients (18-75 years) admitted with a smoking-related illness to three hospitals, were randomised to receive either 12-weeks of varenicline tartrate plus Quitline-counselling, (n=196) or Quitline-counselling alone, (n=196), with 12-months follow-up.
RESULTS: For the primary analysis population (intention-to-treat), the proportion of subjects who remained continuously abstinent were significantly greater in the varenicline plus counselling arm (31.1%, n=61) compared with counselling alone (21.4%, n=42; RR 1.45, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.03, p=0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of varenicline plus counselling when initiated in the inpatient setting has produced a sustained smoking cessation benefit at 12-months follow-up, indicating a successful opportunistic treatment for smokers admitted with smoking related illnesses.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ ClinicalTrials.gov identification number: NCT01141855.
PMID: 22993168 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]