Prevalence and clinical outcomes of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and prediabetes among patients with high-risk non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome.
Am Heart J. 2013 Jun;165(6):918-925.e2
Authors: Giraldez RR, Clare RM, Lopes RD, Dalby AJ, Prabhakaran D, Brogan GX, Giugliano RP, James SK, Tanguay JF, Pollack CV, Harrington RA, Braunwald E, Newby LK
BACKGROUND: We examined the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes and associations with ischemic outcomes among non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: We categorized 8795 EARLY ACS trial patients into one of the following groups: "known diabetes" (n = 2860 [32.5%]; reported on the case report form), "undiagnosed diabetes" (n = 1069 [12.2%]; no diabetes history and fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL or hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%), "prediabetes" (n = 947 [10.8%]; fasting glucose ≥110 to <126 mg/dL, or "normal" (n = 3919 [44.5%]). Adjusted associations of known diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and prediabetes (versus normal) with 30-day and 1-year outcomes were determined. RESULTS: Undiagnosed diabetes was associated with greater 30-day death or myocardial infarction (MI) (ORadj 1.28, 95% CI 1.05-1.57), driven primarily by greater 30-day mortality (ORadj 1.65, 95% CI 1.09-2.48). Known diabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients, but 30-day mortality was higher (ORadj 1.40, 95% CI 1.01-1.93). Prediabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients. One-year mortality was greater among known diabetic patients (HRadj 1.38, 95% CI 1.13-1.67) but not among those with undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes were common among high-risk non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. Routine screening for undiagnosed diabetes may be useful since these patients seem to have worse short-term outcomes and deserve consideration of alternative management strategies.
PMID: 23708162 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]