Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Chest. 2013 May 16;
Authors: Naksuk N, Kunisaki KM, Benditt DG, Tholakanahalli V, Adabag S
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common comorbidity in heart failure. The efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy has not been determined in heart failure patients with COPD. METHODS: We examined the incidence of ICD shocks and mortality in 628 consecutive patients who underwent defibrillator implantation at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center from 2006 to 2010. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 67±10 years and 99% were male. Patients with COPD (n=246, 39%) were functionally more limited (p<0.0001) and more likely to have ICD for primary prevention of sudden death (p=0.04) than those without COPD. Over a median 4.1 years [IQR25,75 2.2, 5.7] of follow-up, COPD patients had a higher incidence of appropriate shocks (29% vs.17%; p<0.0001) compared to those without COPD, whereas the incidence of inappropriate shocks was similar (9% vs. 10%, respectively; p=0.61). In multivariable analysis, COPD was associated with a 2-fold increase in the odds of appropriate ICD shock (95% confidence interval 1.3-2.9; p=0.001). Incidence of ICD shocks did not vary with severity of COPD. Although all-cause mortality was higher in COPD patients than those without COPD (29% vs. 21% respectively; p=0.029), one-year mortality (5.3% vs. 2.6%, respectively; p=0.08) and the average time from first appropriate ICD shock to death was comparable (median 2.3 years [IQR25,75 1.2, 4.4] vs. 2.8 years [IQR25,75 1.4, 5.3], respectively, p=0.29). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COPD have a higher incidence of ICD shocks than those without COPD and appear to benefit from ICD therapy.
PMID: 23681102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]