How do attendings perceive housestaff autonomy? Attending experience, hospitalists, and trends over time.
J Hosp Med. 2013 Feb 15;
Authors: Martin SK, Farnan JM, Mayo A, Vekhter B, Meltzer DO, Arora VM
BACKGROUND: Graduated supervision is necessary for residents to progress to independence, but it is unclear what factors influence attendings' perception of housestaff autonomy. OBJECTIVE: To determine if attending characteristics and secular trends are associated with variation in attendings' perception of housestaff autonomy. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of monthly survey data collected from 2001 to 2008. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Attending hospitalists and nonhospitalists on teaching internal medicine services at an academic tertiary care center. MEASUREMENTS: Attendings' perception of intern decision making and resident autonomy. RESULTS: Response rate was 70% (514/738). Compared with early-career attendings, experienced attendings perceived more intern involvement in decision making (odds ratio [OR]: 2.16, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.17-3.97, P=0.013). Hospitalists perceived less intern involvement in decision making (OR: 0.19, 95% CI: 0.06-0.58, P=0.004) and resident autonomy (OR: 0.27, 95% CI: 0.11-0.66, P=0.004) compared with nonhospitalists. A significant interaction existed between hospitalists and experience; experienced hospitalists perceived more intern decision making (OR: 7.36, 95% CI: 1.86-29.1, P=0.004) and resident autonomy (OR: 5.85, 95% CI: 1.75-19.6, P=0.004) compared with early-career hospitalists. With respect to secular trends, spring season of the academic year was associated with greater perception of intern decision making compared with other seasons (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.18-3.19, P=0.009). The 2003 resident duty-hours restrictions were associated with decreased perception of intern decision making (OR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.29-0.87, P=0.014) and resident autonomy (OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.28-0.86, P=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Perception of housestaff autonomy varies with attending characteristics and time trends. Hospitalists perceive autonomy and clinical decision making differently, depending on their attending experience. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2013. © 2013 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 23418143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]