Differences in Pain Management Between Hematologists and Hospitalists Caring for Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Hospitalized for Vasoocclusive Crisis.

Link to article at PubMed

Differences in Pain Management Between Hematologists and Hospitalists Caring for Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Hospitalized for Vasoocclusive Crisis.

Clin J Pain. 2013 May 9;

Authors: Shah N, Rollins M, Landi D, Shah R, Bae J, De Castro LM

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic disease characterized by multiple vaso-occlusive complications and is increasingly cared for by hospitalists. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in pain management between hematologists and hospitalists. METHODS:: We performed a single-institution, retrospective review of pain management patterns and outcomes in adult SCD patients hospitalized for vaso-occlusive crisis. RESULTS:: Over 26 months, we found a total of 298 patients (120 cared for by the hematologists and 178 by hospitalists), with a mean age of 32 (range 19-58). Patients cared for by hospitalists had a lower total number of hours on a patient controlled analgesia (PCA) device (171 vs. 212 hours, P=0.11). Hospitalists also were significantly more likely to utilize demand only PCA (42% vs. 23%, P=0.002) and had a significantly lower rate of using both continuous and demand PCA (54% vs. 67%, P=0.04). In addition, patients cared for by hospitalists had a significantly shorter hospitalization (8.4 days) compared to hematologists (10 days, P=0.04) with a non-significant difference in 7 and 30 day readmission rates (7.2% vs. 6.7% and 40% vs. 35% respectively). CONCLUSION:: We found patients cared for by hospitalists more frequently utilized home oral pain medication during admission, had shorter lengths of hospitalization, and did not have a significant increase in readmission rates.

PMID: 23669451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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