Cardiac troponin and heart failure in the era of high-sensitivity assays.

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Cardiac troponin and heart failure in the era of high-sensitivity assays.

J Cardiol. 2012 Sep;60(3):160-7

Authors: Sato Y, Fujiwara H, Takatsu Y

The Joint European Society of Cardiology-American College of Cardiology Foundation-American Heart Association-World Heart Federation Task Force for the Redefinition of Myocardial Infarction recommends cardiac troponin (cTn)-T as a first-line biomarker, and suggests the use of the 99th percentile of a reference population with acceptable precision (i.e. a coefficient of variance≤10%) as a cut-off for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Recently developed troponin assays fulfill this analytical precision. While conventional cTnT assays have often been used as a positive or negative categorical variable, stepwise rises in high sensitivity (Hs)-cTnT in patients presenting with chronic heart failure (HF) have been associated with a progressive increase in the incidence of cardiovascular events. Similar observations have been made in the general population. Hs-cTnT at baseline and during follow-up is a powerful predictor of cardiac events in patients with HF and in the general population. Whether it is the ideal biomarker remains to be confirmed, however. We review the potential contributions of TnT assays in the assessment of risk of HF, in HF, and in myocardial diseases that cause HF.

PMID: 22867801 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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