Delta troponin for the early diagnosis of AMI in emergency patients with chest pain.
Int J Cardiol. 2013 Apr 10;
Authors: Cullen L, Parsonage WA, Greenslade J, Lamanna A, Hammett CJ, Than M, Tate J, Kalinowski L, Ungerer JP, Chu K, Brown A
OBJECTIVES: In patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with potential acute myocardial infarction (AMI), elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) levels are indicative of myocardial necrosis. We assessed the accuracy of 'delta cTn' at 2h or 6h compared to the cTn concentration above the 99th percentile reference value for AMI in a prospective study of adult patients presenting to ED with symptoms suggestive of possible acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Blood was sampled for cardiac troponin I (cTnI) on presentation, and at 2h and 6h following presentation using a sensitive assay (Beckman AccuTnI). All clinical endpoints were adjudicated by a cardiologist who was blinded to the 2h cTn assay result. RESULTS: Of the 874 patients, 70 (8%) were diagnosed with an AMI during their index presentation. The area under the ROC curve for diagnosing AMI at 2h was 0.89 [95%CI, 0.84-0.95] for absolute delta cTn versus 0.79 [95%CI 0.73-0.85] for the relative change. Specificity and PPV at 2h were optimized using a delta cTnI ≥0.03μg/L (95.8% [95%CI 94.1-97.0] and 61.4% [95%CI 50.9-70.9] respectively). Sensitivity and NPV for AMI were optimized using the 99th percentile with the addition of a delta of<0.03μg/L (97.1% [95%CI 90.2-99.2] and 99.7% [95%CI 99-99.9] respectively). CONCLUSIONS: An algorithm incorporating cTnI concentration and delta cTn values with a sensitive troponin assay allows accurate diagnosis of AMI within 2h from presentation and earlier rule-out of AMI in the majority of patients.
PMID: 23582689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]