Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors for prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis.
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr 5;
Authors: Li TJ, Zang WD, Chen YL, Geng N, Ma SM, Li XD
Introduction: Conflicting results exist now on the clinical utility of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to elaborate the efficacy and safety of RAS blockade on preventing the relapse of AF by a meta-analysis based on randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: We searched Medline, ISI web of science and Cochrane databases through Jan 2012. We included RCTs comparing RAS inhibition treatment vs. placebo or alternative therapy after cardioversion of persistent AF or conventional medical therapy for paroxysmal AF and reporting outcome of recurrent AF. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated using a random effects model. Results: Fifteen trials involving 3972 AF patients were included in the analysis. The pooling analysis showed that RAS inhibitors significantly reduced the recurrence of AF compared with non-RAS inhibitors (OR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.37-0.69, p < 0.01), and the beneficial effect was shown consistently both in patients with paroxysmal and in those with persistent AF after cardoversion. However, administration of RAS inhibitors did not provide a greater survival advantage and a lower incidence of adverse effects than the control (OR = 1.17, 95% CI, 0.65-2.10, p = 0.59; OR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.65-1.35, p = 0.73 respectively). In addition, clinical factors potentially affecting AF relapsing had no pronounced impacts on the above clinical outcomes. Conclusions: Based on the currently available data, inhibition of RAS is effective, safe and well tolerated for preventing the recurrence of AF.
PMID: 23557493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]