Acute liver failure and elevated troponin-I: controversial results and significance?
Crit Care. 2013 Jan 14;17(1):102-103
Authors: Jaber S, Paugam-Burtz C
ABSTRACT: Acute liver failure in ICU patients is an often fatal condition in which many patients may die of multiple organ failure in the absence of liver transplantation. In this setting, cardiac injury may be associated with or precipitate a fatal outcome. Troponin-I is a well-established, specific, and sensitive surrogate of acute coronaropathy, with both diagnostic and prognostic value. Troponin-I elevation in acute liver failure patients is common, ranging from 60 to 75%, and probably multifactorial. Despite a previous well-conducted US study showing that elevated troponin-I is associated with an independent risk of poor outcome and mortality, a recent UK study did not confirm these data and reported contradictory results. Troponin-I elevation observed in acute liver failure may therefore not represent true myocardial injury and may be better viewed as a marker of metabolic stress. The debate on the significance of elevated troponin-I in acute liver failure patients is revived.
PMID: 23316924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]