Comparative assessment of published atrial fibrillation stroke risk stratification schemes for predicting stroke, in a non-atrial fibrillation population: The Chin-Shan Community Cohort Study.
Int J Cardiol. 2012 Oct 13;
Authors: Lip GY, Lin HJ, Chien KL, Hsu HC, Su TC, Chen MF, Lee YT
BACKGROUND: In patients at high risk of stroke, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), there has been great interest in developing stroke risk prediction schemes for identifying those at high risk of stroke. Stroke risk prediction schemes have also been developed in non-AF populations, but are limited by lack of simplicity, which is more evident in schemes used in AF populations. We hypothesized that contemporary stroke risk stratification schemes used in assessing AF patients could predict stroke and thromboembolism in a non-AF community population, comparably to that seen in AF populations. METHODS: We tested the CHADS(2) and CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc schemes, as well as the AF stroke risk stratification schemes from the Framingham study, Rietbrock et al., 2006 ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines, the 8th American College of Cardiology (ACCP) guidelines and NICE, for predicting stroke in a large community cohort of non-AF subjects, the Chin-Shan Community Cohort Study. RESULTS: The tested schemes had variable classification into low, moderate and high risk strata, with the proportion classified as low risk ranging from 5.4% (Rietbrock et al. to 59.0% (CHADS(2) classical). Rates of stroke also varied in those classified as 'low risk' ranging from 1.1% (Rietbrock et al. to 3.5% (Framingham). All common risk schemes had broadly similar c-statistics, ranging from 0.658 (Framingham) to 0.728 (CHADS(2) classical) when assessed as a continuous risk variable for predicting stroke in this population, with clear overlap between the 95% CIs. In an exploratory analysis amongst AF subjects in our population, the c-statistics were broadly similar to those seen in non-AF subjects. CONCLUSION: Contemporary stroke risk stratification schema used for AF can also be applied to non-AF populations with a similar (modest) predictive value. Given their simplicity (e.g. CHADS(2) score), these scores could potentially be used for a 'quick' evaluation of stroke risk in non-AF populations, in a similar manner to AF populations.
PMID: 23073283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]