Antithrombotic treatment of atrial fibrillation: New insights.
Thromb Res. 2012 Oct;130 Suppl 1:S59-60
Authors: Le Heuzey JY
The incidence and prevalence of atrial fibrillation are quickly increasing, mainly due to the ageing of the population. Atrial fibrillation is, to date, a problem of public health. Atrial fibrillation is associated to a five-fold risk of stroke, which may be identified by score risks, such as CHADS(2) score. The classical antithrombotic treatment of atrial fibrillation is based on vitamin K antagonists. Trials made in the 90's have clearly shown that vitamin K antagonists were able to decrease stroke risk by about 60%. New oral anticoagulants are now available on the market to treat patients with atrial fibrillation. These drugs are Dabigatran which has demonstrated an interest in the RE-LY trial. Two doses may be prescribed, 110mg bid and 150mg bid. Anti Xa have also demonstrated an interest : Rivaroxaban in the ROCKET AF trial and Apixaban in the AVERROES (versus aspirin) and ARISTOTLE trials. In the future these drugs will have a major place in the armamentarium used to treat patients with atrial fibrillation. In all these trials a decrease in intra cranial haemorrhages has been demonstrated. In the everyday practice it will be necessary to be very cautious in patients with impaired renal function, as all these drugs are eliminated by kidneys.
PMID: 23026665 [PubMed - in process]