Review: clinical inertia in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
COPD. 2012 Feb;9(1):73-80
Authors: Cooke CE, Sidel M, Belletti DA, Fuhlbrigge AL
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third-leading cause of death in the United States. Despite clinical practice guidelines endorsed by national organizations, the management of COPD deviates from guideline recommendations. Patients with COPD are frequently underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed, due in large part to the lack of spirometry testing. When diagnosed, about one third of patients are not receiving any COPD-related drug therapy. Factors that contribute to suboptimal management include provider, patient, and system factors. Physician factors such as understanding and attitude toward the disease, and awareness of guidelines, may affect appropriate management of COPD. Patient factors include medication non-adherence, understanding of the disease, severity of their symptoms, and access to medications. System factors such as insurance coverage may limit aspects of COPD care. To overcome clinical inertia, a multifaceted approach is required. Provider and patient education, the use of health informatics, changes in provider work-flow and the recent development of performance measures, such as the use of spirometry in patients with COPD, can improve the delivery of recommended care for COPD patients.
PMID: 22292599 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]