Management of interstitial lung disease in elderly patients.

Link to article at PubMed

Management of interstitial lung disease in elderly patients.

Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2012 May 19;

Authors: Meyer KC

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to inform readers of evolving concepts of ageing-associated risks for developing interstitial lung disease (ILD) and current approaches to the diagnosis and management of ILD in elderly patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Various aspects of cellular and immune senescence have been identified that may explain the increased susceptibility of the elderly to developing fibrotic lung disease. New guidelines have been recently published concerning the diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which is highly prevalent in elderly patients. Nontransplant therapies that can have a significant impact on disease progression for patients with IPF have yet to be identified. Additionally, evidence is accumulating that abnormal gastroesophageal reflux and microaspiration may play a role in IPF pathogenesis. SUMMARY: High-resolution computed tomographic scanning of the thorax can play a key role in making a specific ILD diagnosis and be used to make a confident diagnosis of various forms of ILD, especially IPF, when combined with a consistent clinical presentation. Management of ILD in the elderly should be not only disease specific but potentially therapeutic, and supportive interventions should be tailored to each individual patient and not entail significant risk of adverse complications, especially for the frail elderly patient.

PMID: 22617808 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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