Early Readmissions After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Rural Tertiary Care Center (from the Guthrie Health Off-Label Stent [GHOST] Registry).
Am J Cardiol. 2012 May 11;
Authors: Harjai KJ, Singh M, Boura J
Early readmissions (ERs) impose a huge cost to the health care system, lower patients' quality of life, and may be an indicator of quality of initial care. We performed this single-center study to assess the incidence, predictors, and implications of 30-day readmission after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary care rural setting. In 4,262 consecutive patients who underwent PCI, we evaluated 30-day readmission rates and assessed demographic, clinical, and angiographic correlates of ER. Using Cox regression analyses, we estimated the multivariable impact of an ER on 1-year all-cause mortality and major adverse events (MACEs; death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, stent thrombosis). ER occurred in 486 patients (11.4%) including 366 (8.6%) for cardiac reasons and 120 (2.8%) for noncardiac reasons. Multivariable models predicting any readmission, cardiac readmission, and noncardiac readmission had c-statistic values of 0.63, 0.63, and 0.68, respectively. One-year mortality and MACEs were higher in the readmitted versus not readmitted patients (7.9% vs 3.2%, 18 vs 9.7%, p <0.0001 for the 2 comparisons). ER had a significant and independent impact on 1-year mortality (adjusted hazards ratio 2.2, 95% confidence interval 1.4 to 3.4) and MACEs (hazards ratio 2.2, 95% confidence interval 1.8 to 2.8). In conclusion, readmission within 30 days after PCI is common and frequently related to cardiac causes. Patients who require an ER after PCI have higher 1-year mortality and MACEs.
PMID: 22579345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]