Cystatin C levels are associated with the prognosis of systolic heart failure patients.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Nov;104(11):565-71
Authors: Gao C, Zhong L, Gao Y, Li X, Zhang M, Wei S
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C, which has long been regarded as a biomarker that indicates kidney functions, has recently been recognized as an inflammatory marker in the human body.
AIM: To elucidate how cystatin C is related to the prognosis of systolic heart failure patients.
METHODS: Patients with systolic heart failure who were admitted to the fourth affiliated hospital of Harbin Medical University between January and April 2008 were enrolled in this study. Serum homocysteine, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and cystatin C levels were determined and all the patients received an average of 2 years of follow-up for occurrence of death, heart transplantation or readmission with worsening heart failure.
RESULTS: Of 138 patients enrolled, those who experienced adverse outcomes (e.g. cardiac death, heart transplantation or progressive heart failure) (n = 21) had considerably higher mean levels of serum homocysteine (28.6 ± 13.4 vs 14.4 ± 6.3mg/L; P < 0.01), hs-CRP (17.5 ± 14.1 vs 6.4 ± 7.7 ?mol/L; p < 0.01) and cystatin C (1.63 ± 0.81 vs 0.91 ± 0.27 mg/L; P < 0.01) than those without adverse outcomes (n = 117). Furthermore, the Cox proportional hazards model demonstrated that serum homocysteine, hs-CRP and cystatin C are all independent predictors of adverse outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Cystatin C, together with hs-CRP and homocysteine, is an independent risk factor that is important in the prognosis of patients with systolic heart failure.
PMID: 22117908 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]