Predictors of survival in sepsis: what is the best inflammatory marker to measure?
Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2012 Mar 14;
Authors: Lichtenstern C, Brenner T, Bardenheuer HJ, Weigand MA
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sepsis is relevant due to its high morbidity and mortality. For both sepsis diagnosis and outcome prediction many biomarkers have been described in the literature. Most of these markers are objects of scientific interest rather than being introduced into daily clinical practice. However, due to their unspecific character and their insufficient predictive value for the individual person, research focus is still on new aspects in sepsis-related biomarkers. RECENT FINDINGS: Beyond the widely used acute-phase proteins C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT), many new molecules have been studied deriving from different organs or cells affected, due to the systemic nature of sepsis. Cytokines, coagulation factors/characteristics, vasoactive hormones, and several others have been recently proved to be relevant in sepsis syndrome and probably useful for outcome prediction. However, single time point measurements may be less predictive than consideration of the time-dependent course of parameters. Clinical decision just based on a biomarker is still not feasible because of the huge inter-individual differences in the inflammatory response. SUMMARY: Many biomarkers display relevant correlation with the clinical outcome of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Consideration of their time courses may be more reliable than absolute levels. Clinical decision should not be based only on biomarkers but organ dysfunctions, for example, should also be taken into account.
PMID: 22421751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]