Factors associated with increased risk of readmission to intensive care in Australia.

Link to article at PubMed

Factors associated with increased risk of readmission to intensive care in Australia.

Intensive Care Med. 2011 Nov;37(11):1800-8

Authors: Renton J, Pilcher DV, Santamaria JD, Stow P, Bailey M, Hart G, Duke G

Abstract
PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology, in-hospital mortality, trends, patient characteristics and predictors of intensive care unit (ICU) readmission in Australia.
METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study of data for 38 Australian ICUs extracted from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database (ANZICS-ADP) for the years 2000-2007. Demographic, diagnostic, physiological and outcome data were analysed. A multivariate model was constructed to identify risk factors for ICU readmission. Outcomes examined included observed and risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality.
RESULTS: A total of 247,103 patients were discharged alive from their first ICU admission; 13,598 (5.5%) were readmitted at least once. Variables associated with an odds ratio greater than 1.05 for readmission (p < 0.001) were an initial ICU admission source other than elective surgery, any chronic health variable on severity scoring, tertiary hospital ICU and discharge between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. Five initial diagnoses were associated with an odds ratio (OR) greater than 2 for readmission (p < 0.001). In-hospital mortality in readmitted patients was 20.7% compared with 4.4% in those not readmitted. Readmission rates have not changed over the study period. After adjustment for illness severity and readmission propensity, ICU readmission remained significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (OR 5.4, 95%, confidence interval (CI) 5.1-5.7).
CONCLUSIONS: Many risk factors for increased ICU readmission were identified in this study including ICU discharge between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. This was the only modifiable variable studied. Prospective studies are required to identify other factors and to determine whether interventions may reduce ICU readmission and its high associated in-hospital mortality.

PMID: 21845504 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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