Implementation of targeted interventions to decrease antiretroviral-related errors in hospitalized patients.
Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2012 Mar 1;69(5):422-30
Authors: Daniels LM, Raasch RH, Corbett AH
Purpose The implementation and effectiveness of targeted interventions aimed at decreasing the frequency of antiretroviral-related errors in hospitalized patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are described. Summary A prospective investigation conducted at the University of North Carolina Hospitals revealed a high rate of antiretroviral-related errors occurring on admission to the hospital and throughout a patient's hospital stay. The high frequency of errors emphasized the need for targeted interventions aimed at preventing these errors and quickly identifying and resolving errors that do occur. Several interventions aimed at decreasing this error rate were instituted, including the addition of computer alerts for incorrect doses and drug interactions to the pharmacy order-entry system, distribution of an educational pocket-sized card among the staff, addition of commercially available combination antiretroviral products to the hospital formulary, updates of the computerized prescriber-order-entry (CPOE) system to include common dosage defaults, involvement of the infectious diseases consultation service to evaluate prescribed regimens of newly admitted patients with HIV, and daily review of newly initiated anti-retroviral regimens by a clinical pharmacist trained in HIV care. A follow-up analysis was conducted after these interventions were implemented to evaluate their effectiveness. Of the 78 patients identified during the postintervention analysis, 12 (15%) had at least one error in their initial drug regimen versus 49 patients (72%) in the preintervention study (p < 0.001). Conclusion Antiretroviral medication error rates decreased after the implementation of targeted interventions that included distributing an educational pocket-sized card, adding alerts to the pharmacy order- entry system, incorporating default dosages into the CPOE system, and adding combination antiretrovirals to the formulary.
PMID: 22345421 [PubMed - in process]