Hospice referrals and code status: outcomes of inpatient palliative care consultations among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders with cancer.

Link to article at PubMed

Hospice referrals and code status: outcomes of inpatient palliative care consultations among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders with cancer.

J Pain Symptom Manage. 2011 Oct;42(4):557-64

Authors: Bell CL, Kuriya M, Fischberg D

Abstract
CONTEXT: Intensive palliative care consultations for plan of care may reduce racial differences in end-of-life care.
OBJECTIVES: To compare cancer patients' hospice referrals and code status changes after inpatient palliative care consultations by patient ethnicity and consultation intensity.
METHODS: This observational cohort study prospectively recorded data for all adult cancer patients receiving palliative care consultations at the largest teaching hospital in Hawaii from 2005 through 2009. Chi-squared analyses compared hospice referral and code status changes with "Do Not Attempt Resuscitation" by patient characteristics and consultation intensity (more intensive plan of care vs. pain and/or symptom management without plan of care). Multiple logistic regression models analyzed factors associated with hospice referral and code status change.
RESULTS: The 1362 consultations generated 454 (33.3%) hospice referrals and 234 (17.2%) code status changes. Controlling for age, gender, Karnofsky score, and preconsultation hospital days, Asian, Pacific Islander, and "other" ethnicities demonstrated increased likelihood of hospice referral vs. whites (adjusted odds ratios [AORs] 1.46-2.34, P<0.05). Intensive plan-of-care consultations were strongly associated with hospice referral (AOR 3.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.33-4.07, P<0.0001). Controlling for consultation intensity reduced the association between ethnicity and hospice referral (AORs 1.35-2.06, P=0.03, "other" ethnicity; P=nonsignificant, Asian and Pacific Islander). Intensive consultations were strongly associated with code status change (AOR 2.96; 95% CI 2.08-4.22, P<0.0001). Ethnicity was not significantly associated with code status change.
CONCLUSION: Consultation intensity was the strongest predictor of hospice referrals and code status changes and reduced the ethnic variations associated with hospice referral.

PMID: 21514787 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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