Novel approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of medical device-associated infections.

Link to article at PubMed

Novel approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of medical device-associated infections.

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2012 Mar;26(1):173-86

Authors: Vergidis P, Patel R

Abstract
The pathogenesis of device-associated infections is related to biofilm bacteria that exhibit distinct characteristics with respect to growth rate, structural features, and protection from host immune mechanisms and antimicrobial agents when compared with planktonic counterparts. Biofilm-associated infections are prevented, diagnosed, and treated differently from infections not associated with biofilms. This article reviews innovative concepts for the prevention of biofilm formation, and novel treatment approaches. Specific approaches for the diagnosis and prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract and bloodstream infections, as well as infections associated with orthopedic implants and cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, are also discussed.

PMID: 22284383 [PubMed - in process]

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