Hypertonic saline solution for prevention of renal dysfunction in patients with decompensated heart failure.
Int J Cardiol. 2012 Jan 11;
Authors: Issa VS, Andrade L, Ayub-Ferreira SM, Bacal F, de Bragança AC, Guimarães GV, Marcondes-Braga FG, Cruz FD, Chizzola PR, Conceição-Souza GE, Velasco IT, Bocchi EA
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is associated with increased mortality in patients with decompensated heart failure. However, interventions targeted to prevention in this setting have been disappointing. We investigated the effects of hypertonic saline solution (HSS) for prevention of renal dysfunction in decompensated heart failure. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized trial, patients with decompensated heart failure were assigned to receive three-day course of 100mL HSS (NaCl 7.5%) twice daily or placebo. Primary end point was an increase in serum creatinine of 0.3mg/dL or more. Main secondary end point was change in biomarkers of renal function, including serum levels of creatinine, cystatin C, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-NGAL and the urinary excretion of aquaporin 2 (AQP(2)), urea transporter (UT-A(1)), and sodium/hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE(3)). RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were assigned to HSS and 12 to placebo. Primary end point occurred in two (10%) patients in HSS group and six (50%) in placebo group (relative risk 0.3; 95% CI 0.09-0.98; P=0.01). Relative to baseline, serum creatinine and cystatin C levels were lower in HSS as compared to placebo (P=0.004 and 0.03, respectively). NGAL level was not statistically different between groups, however the urinary expression of AQP(2), UT-A(1) and NHE(3) was significantly higher in HSS than in placebo. CONCLUSIONS: HSS administration attenuated heart failure-induced kidney dysfunction as indicated by improvement in both glomerular and tubular defects, a finding with important clinical implications. HSS modulated the expression of tubular proteins involved in regulation of water and electrolyte homeostasis.
PMID: 22243938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]