Timing & Teamwork – An observational pilot study of patients referred to a Rapid Response Team with the aim of identifying factors amenable to re-design of a Rapid Response System.

Link to article at PubMed

Timing & Teamwork - An observational pilot study of patients referred to a Rapid Response Team with the aim of identifying factors amenable to re-design of a Rapid Response System.

Resuscitation. 2011 Dec 29;

Authors: Peebles E, Subbe CP, Hughes P, Gemmell L

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Rapid Response Teams aim to accelerate recognition and treatment of acutely unwell patients. Delays in delivery might undermine efficiency of the intervention. Our understanding of the causes of these delays is, as yet, incomplete. AIM: To identify modifiable causes of delays in the treatment of critically ill patients outside intensive care with a focus on factors amenable to system design. METHODS: Review of care records and direct observation with process mapping of care delivered to 17 acutely unwell patients attended by a Rapid Response Team in a District General Hospital in the United Kingdom. Delays were defined as processes with no added value for patient care. RESULTS: Essential diagnostic and therapeutic procedures accounted for only 31% of time of care processes. Causes for delays could be classified into themes as 1. Delays in call-out of the Rapid Response team, 2. Problems with team cohesion including poor communication and team efficiency and 3. Lack of resources including lack of first line antibiotics, essential equipment, experienced staff and critical care beds. CONCLUSION: We identified a number of potentially modifiable causes for delays in care of acutely ill patients. Improved process design could include automated call-outs, a dedicated kit for emergency treatment in relevant clinical areas, increased usage of standard operating procedures and staff training using crew resource management techniques.

PMID: 22209834 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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