Syncope in adults: Systematic review and proposal of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.

Link to article at PubMed

Syncope in adults: Systematic review and proposal of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.

Int J Cardiol. 2011 Dec 20;

Authors: Rosanio S, Schwarz ER, Ware DL, Vitarelli A

Abstract
This review aims to provide a practical and up-to-date description on the relevance and classification of syncope in adults as well as a guidance on the optimal evaluation, management and treatment of this very common clinical and socioeconomic medical problem. We have summarized recent active research and emphasized the value for physicians to adhere current guidelines. A modern management of syncope should take into account 1) use of risk stratification algorithms and implementation of syncope management units to increase the diagnostic yield and reduce costs; 2) early implantable loop recorders rather than late in the evaluation of unexplained syncope; and 3) isometric physical counter-pressure maneuvers as first-line treatment for patients with neurally-mediated reflex syncope and prodromal symptoms.

PMID: 22188993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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