Preventable hospitalization among nursing home residents: varying views between medical directors and directors of nursing regarding determinants.
J Aging Health. 2010 Mar;22(2):169-82
Authors: Young Y, Inamdar S, Barhydt NR, Colello AD, Hannan EL
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perception of the determinants of preventable hospitalization among nursing home residents by surveying medical directors (MDs) and directors of nursing (DONs).
METHODS: A survey (N = 52) was completed in January 2008. Data included resource availability, determinants of hospitalization, and nursing home practice. Multivariate linear regression examined the associations between potential determinants and preventable hospitalization.
RESULTS: Four significant determinants perceived by MDs to influence preventable hospitalization: MD/nurse practitioner (NP) access by pager, family preferences, access to medical history and lab/ electrocardiograph (EKG) reports, and physicians better paid to manage acutely ill residents (R(2) = .58). None of these factors were echoed by DONs (R(2) = .15). Whereas DONs perceived stat lab results on weekends were associated with increased hospitalization (p = .03), MDs did not (p = .28).
CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis showed that communication and consensus are important factors in the hospital transfer decision and that the discord in perceptions among MDs and DONs may complicate interventions to reduce preventable hospitalization.
PMID: 20133957 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]