Medical management of neurocysticercosis.

Link to article at PubMed

Medical management of neurocysticercosis.

Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011 Nov 15;

Authors: Takayanagui OM, Odashima NS, Bonato PS, Lima JE, Lanchote VL

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is considered to be the most common cause of acquired epilepsy worldwide. Formerly restricted to palliative measures, therapy for NCC has advanced with the advent of two drugs that are considered to be effective: praziquantel (PZQ) and albendazole (ALB). Areas covered: All available articles regarding research related to the treatment of NCC were searched. Relevant articles were then reviewed and used as sources of information for this review. Expert opinion: Anticysticercal therapy has been marked by intense controversy. Recent descriptions of spontaneous resolution of parenchymal cysticercosis with benign evolution, risks of complications and reports of no long-term benefits have reinforced the debate over the usefulness and safety of anticysticercal therapy. High interindividual variability and complex pharmacological interactions will require the close monitoring of plasma concentrations of ALB and PZQ metabolites in future trials. Given the relative scarcity of clinical trials, more comparative interventional studies ? especially randomized controlled trials in long-term clinical evolution ? are required to clarify the controversy over the validity of parasitic therapy in patients with NCC.

PMID: 22082143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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