New insulins and insulin therapy.

Link to article at PubMed

New insulins and insulin therapy.

Int J Clin Pract. 2011 Feb;65 Suppl 170:26-30

Authors: Danne T, Bolinder J

The introduction of the so-called 'designer' insulins, the insulin analogues, has offered new opportunities in the clinical management of diabetes. Two additional new entities are close to reaching clinical practice. Linjeta™ (formally called VIAject) is not an analogue but rather a different formulation of human insulin which may give it a more rapid onset of action, potentially even faster than the currently available rapid-acting insulin analogues. Degludec™, on the other hand, is an insulin analogue molecule with an ultra-long clinical profile derived from the soluble multi-hexamer formation, resulting in a continuous slow and stable release of insulin degludec monomers which may last longer than currently available long-acting analogues. As with any new type of drug, the safety of the 'designer' insulins has to be closely scrutinised. Last year the increased cancer risk in diabetes entered the spotlight and the potential role of insulin analogues led to controversial discussions. In spite of recent new in vitro and observational data no new conclusive evidence became available. The need for multiple well-conducted and appropriately designed prospective observational studies to follow up the effectiveness and safety of the new insulins and the new insulin treatment regimens remains. In this chapter it was our mission to chose articles published about "new insulins" over the last year that have the most important contribution for the on-going development of ultra-fast- and ultra-long-acting insulin analogs and preparations and their potential side-effects, particularly cancer. This has been done by means of PubMed searches as well as a review of abstracts of the recent large international diabetes meetings such as ADA, EASD and ISPAD.

PMID: 21323810 [PubMed - in process]

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