New insights into weaning from mechanical ventilation: left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is a key player.
Intensive Care Med. 2011 Oct 6;
Authors: Papanikolaou J, Makris D, Saranteas T, Karakitsos D, Zintzaras E, Karabinis A, Kostopanagiotou G, Zakynthinos E
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic performance of Doppler echocardiography (DE) in predicting the outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation in patients without overt cardiac disease. METHODS: Fifty critical care noncardiac patients who fulfilled predetermined criteria for weaning underwent DE before and at the end of spontaneous breathing trial (pre-SBT/end-SBT, respectively). "Conventional" mitral inflow analysis and "advanced" DE parameters [tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived mitral/tricuspid annular velocities and color M-mode Doppler velocity of propagation (V (p))] were used to assess left ventricular (LV) diastolic function/filling pressures. Weaning was considered successful if patients had been extubated after successful SBT and sustained spontaneous breathing for more than 48 h. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients (56%) failed weaning: 23 patients failed SBT and 5 required reintubation within 48 h. Weaning failure was associated with the degree of LV diastolic dysfunction at pre-SBT (P = 0.01). Patients who failed weaning presented evidence of increased LV filling pressures at pre-SBT, by demonstrating increased E/E (m) and E/V (p) ratios compared with patients with successful outcome (P ? 0.004); pre-SBT values of lateral E/E (m) greater than 7.8 and E/V (p) greater than 1.51 predicted weaning failure with an area under the curve, sensitivity (%), and specificity (%) of 0.86, 79, and 100, and 0.74, 75, and 73, respectively. Lateral E/E (m) was the only factor independently associated with weaning failure before SBT; OR (95% CI) 5.62 (1.17-26.96), P = 0.03. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that LV diastolic dysfunction is significantly associated with weaning outcome in critically ill patients with preserved LV systolic function. An E/E (m) ratio greater than 7.8 may identify patients at high risk of weaning failure.
PMID: 21976188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]