?-Blockers for Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death in Patients on Hemodialysis: A Propensity Score Analysis of the HEMO Study.
Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Aug 26;
Authors: Tangri N, Shastri S, Tighiouart H, Beck GJ, Cheung AK, Eknoyan G, Sarnak MJ
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients have an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death. Although the efficacy of ?-blockers for the prevention of sudden cardiac death has been proven in the general population, little evidence exists in patients with kidney failure. STUDY DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants enrolled in the HEMO Study from May 1995 to February 2001. INTERVENTION: ?-Blocker use ascertained through self-reported questionnaires and dialysis clinic charts. OUTCOMES: Sudden cardiac death adjudicated by a committee as a secondary outcome of interest. MEASUREMENTS: We used Cox proportional hazards regression models, competing risk survival analysis, propensity score matching, and covariate adjustment to study the association of ?-blockers with sudden cardiac death. RESULTS: 1,747 patients were included in this study, and 521 were on ?-blocker therapy at baseline. Mean age was 58 years, 57% were women, and 39% had ischemic heart disease (IHD) at baseline. Baseline ?-blocker use was not associated with lower risk of sudden cardiac death in univariate (cause-specific HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.64-1.24), multivariable (cause-specific HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.62-1.22), or propensity-matched (cause-specific HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.55-1.50) analyses. There was a significant interaction between ?-blocker use and sudden cardiac death (interaction P = 0.03) in patients with (cause-specific HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42-1.01) and without IHD (cause-specific HR, 1.61; 95% CI, 0.92-2.80). LIMITATIONS: Observational nature of the study. CONCLUSIONS: In hemodialysis patients without preexisting IHD, ?-blocker use was not associated with lower risk of sudden cardiac death. However, there was a trend toward benefit in those with IHD.
PMID: 21872979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]