Application, tolerance and safety of fondaparinux therapy in a German hospital: A prospective single-centre experience.
Thromb Res. 2011 Jul 6;
Authors: Schindewolf M, Scheuermann J, Kroll H, Marzi I, Kaufmann R, Boehncke WH, Ludwig RJ, Lindhoff-Last E
INTRODUCTION: The pentasaccharide fondaparinux is widely approved for prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic diseases and therapy of acute coronary syndrome. It is also used off-label in patients with acute, suspected or antecedent heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). The aim of this prospective observational cohort study was to document fondaparinux' prescription practice, tolerance and therapy safety in a representative mixed German single-centre patient cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 09/2008 - 04/2009, 231 consecutive patients treated with fondaparinux were enrolled. Medical data were obtained from patient's records. The patients were clinically screened for thrombosis (Wells score), sequelae of HIT (4T's score), and bleeding complications (ISTH-criteria) and subjected to further assessment (i.e. sonography, HIT-diagnostics), if necessary. The mortality rate was assessed 30 days after therapy start. RESULTS: Overall, 153/231 patients had a prophylactic, 74/231 patients a therapeutic, and 4/231 patients a successive prophylactic/therapeutic indication. In 11/231 patients fondaparinux was used due to suspected/antecedent HIT, in 5/231 patients due to a previous cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity to heparins. Other indications were rare. Three new/progressive thromboses were detected. No cases of HIT, major bleedings, or fatalities occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Fondaparinux was well tolerated and was safe in prophylaxis and therapy; prescriptions mostly followed the current approval guidelines and were rarely related to HIT-associated indications (<5% of prescriptions), which is in contrast to previous study results in the U.S. (>94% of prescriptions were HIT-associated). A trend towards an individualised fondaparinux use based on the compound's inherent properties and the patients' risk profiles, i.e., antecedent HIT, bone fractures, heparin allergy, was observed.
PMID: 21741076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]