Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation.
Circ J. 2011 Jun 9;
Authors: Ogawa S, Koretsune Y, Yasaka M, Aizawa Y, Atarashi H, Inoue H, Kamakura S, Kumagai K, Mitamura H, Okumura K, Sugi K, Yamashita T
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disorder and a major risk factor for stroke. For more than 60 years, warfarin has been the only approved anticoagulant for prevention of stroke in patients with AF. Although highly effective, it has many limitations that make its use difficult. Therefore, several novel anticoagulants are under development to overcome the limitations of warfarin, and some of these have entered phase III clinical trials. Dabigatran is an oral, reversible direct thrombin inhibitor approved in Europe and in several other countries for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective knee and hip replacement surgery. It has also been approved in the United States and Japan for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular AF. In this review, the mechanism of action and pharmacological properties of new anticoagulants are described in detail, and the correct use of dabigatran in clinical practice is discussed.
PMID: 21666370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]