Activity of Fusidic Acid Against Extracellular and Intracellular Staphylococcus aureus: Influence of pH and Comparison With Linezolid and Clindamycin.
Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jun;52 Suppl 7:S493-503
Authors: Lemaire S, Van Bambeke F, Pierard D, Appelbaum PC, Tulkens PM
Background.?Emergence of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has triggered a reassessment of fusidic acid (CEM-102, sodium fusidate). Methods.?Fusidic acid was examined for (1) activity against recent methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates; (2) modulation of activity by acidic pH; and (3) accumulation by phagocytic cells and intracellular activity against methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and MRSA. Results.?About 96% of strains (N = 94) were susceptible (European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing breakpoint [? 1 mg/L]). Activity was enhanced at pH 5.5 (6 dilutions decrease for minimum inhibitory concentration) in parallel with an increase of drug bacterial accumulation (opposite effects for clindamycin; linezolid remained unaffected). Fusidic acid accumulated in THP-1 cells (about 5.5 fold), with further accumulation at pH 5.5 vs pH 7.4. The intracellular activity of Fusidic acid was similar to that of clindamycin and linezolid (maximal relative activity, 0.4-0.6 log(10) colony-forming unit decrease). No cross-resistance to vancomycin or daptomycin was observed. Conclusions.?Fusidic acid is active against S. aureus in broth as well as intracellularly, with no cross-resistance to other antibiotics.
PMID: 21546626 [PubMed - in process]