Comparison of Three Algorithms for Basal Insulin in Transitioning Stable Post-Cardiothoracic Surgery Patients from Intravenous to Subcutaneous Insulin.
Endocr Pract. 2011 May 6;:1-16
Authors: Dungan K, Hall C, Schuster D, Osei K
Objective: The objective was to determine the efficacy of an algorithim containing aspart dosed according to carbohydrate intake and one of 3 initial doses of detemir in stable cardiac surgery patients requiring intravenous (IV) insulin.Methods: Patients were extubated, off pressors and otherwise stable, requiring at least 1 unit/hr of IV insulin at least 48 hours following surgery. Subjects were randomized to once daily detemir at 50, 65, or 80% of IV basal insulin requirements and received aspart according to carbohydrate intake. The dose of detemir was adjusted daily over 72 hours.Results: The number of patients with an initial morning glucose 80-130 mg/dl was 36, 63, and 56% of patients at the 50, 65, and 80% doses (p=0.12) (n=82). However, the mean overall glucose at 24 and 72 hours was similar between groups, and 86, 93, and 92% achieved a mean glucose 80-180 mg/dl at 72 hours (p=0.60). Hypoglycemia (<65 mg/dl) only occurred in the 65% (21%) and 80% (12%) groups over the first 72 hours (p=0.02 in the 50% compared to the 65 and 80% groups combined) with one event <40 mg/dl in the 80% group. There was no loss of glycemic control by the end of the once daily dosing interval.Conclusions: Glycemic targets can be achieved without hypoglycemia by 72 hours in most cardiac surgery patients requiring IV insulin with a regimen containing an initial detemir dose of 50% of basal IV insulin requirements and prandial and supplemental insulin.
PMID: 21550950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]