Usefulness of Combined Assessment With Computed Tomographic Signs of Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Cardiac Troponin T for Risk Stratification of Acute Pulmonary Embolism.
Am J Cardiol. 2011 Apr 27;
Authors: Kang DK, Sung Sun J, Park KJ, Lim HS
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental value of combined assessment with computed tomographic (CT) signs of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and cardiac troponin T level for predicting early death or adverse outcomes due to acute pulmonary embolism (PE). One hundred seventy-three non-high-risk patients with acute PE, confirmed by CT pulmonary angiography, were retrospectively evaluated. The area under the curve and hazard ratio of CT signs and troponin T levels were compared for predicting early death or adverse outcomes. Patients were classified into intermediate- and low-risk groups on the basis of CT signs and troponin T levels, and mortality was compared. Seventeen patients (9.8%) died within 3 months. Early mortality of intermediate-risk patients (14% to 19%) was higher than that of low-risk patents (2% to 6%). A ratio of RV volume to left ventricular volume > 1.5 had the highest area under the curve (0.709) and hazard ratio (5.402) for predicting early death. The combination of CT signs and elevated troponin T level had an increased area under the curve and hazard ratio for predicting early death and adverse outcomes compared to those of CT signs or elevated troponin T level alone. In conclusion, the combined assessment of the ratio of RV volume to left ventricular volume and an elevated troponin T level provided incrementally more prognostic information in non-high-risk patients with acute PE compared to the single predictor of CT signs or troponin T level.
PMID: 21529730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]