Development of a tool within the electronic medical record to facilitate medication reconciliation after hospital discharge.
J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 May 1;18(3):309-13
Authors: Schnipper JL, Liang CL, Hamann C, Karson AS, Palchuk MB, McCarthy PC, Sherlock M, Turchin A, Bates DW
Serious medication errors occur commonly in the period after hospital discharge. Medication reconciliation in the postdischarge ambulatory setting may be one way to reduce the frequency of these errors. The authors describe the design and implementation of a novel tool built into an ambulatory electronic medical record (EMR) to facilitate postdischarge medication reconciliation. The tool compares the preadmission medication list within the ambulatory EMR to the hospital discharge medication list, highlights all changes, and allows the EMR medication list to be easily updated. As might be expected for a novel tool intended for use in a minority of visits, use of the tool was low at first: 20% of applicable patient visits within 30 days of discharge. Clinician outreach, education, and a pop-up reminder succeeded in increasing use to 41% of applicable visits. Review of feedback identified several usability issues that will inform subsequent versions of the tool and provide generalizable lessons for how best to design medication reconciliation tools for this setting.
PMID: 21486889 [PubMed - in process]