Non-pharmacological management of ventricular tachycardia.
Circ J. 2007;71 Suppl A:A97-105
Authors: Chinushi M, Aizawa Y
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTA), a major cause of sudden cardiac death, require meticulous management in order to prevent recurrent episodes. Recently, non-pharmacological interventions, including radiofrequency catheter ablation and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), have become important treatments of VTA. Catheter ablation is curative in a relatively high percentage of patients presenting with idiopathic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT). For VT associated with structural heart disease, however, the efficacy of catheter ablation remains limited, and ICD is the first-line therapy. In a subset of patients presenting with recurrent episodes of ventricular fibrillation (VF), catheter ablation is a therapeutic option when the VF is triggered by specific premature ventricular complexes. In Japan, unlike in the United States and Europe, ICD have not yet been accepted as first-line prevention of sudden cardiac death caused by VTA. The efficacy of ICD is occasionally limited by intolerable complications, such as electrical storm, inappropriate shock delivery and infection. Catheter ablation and ICD therapy might need to be combined for problematic cases.
PMID: 17587747 [PubMed - in process]